In the previous tutorial, we have learned different kinds of content like search by image, etc. In this page, we will learn about different kind of search operators.
An operator is something extra you add to your query to filter results or to get more precise results.
This operator will list the webpages from that site. For example: You entered the query [artificial intelligence] and get lots and lots of results. Now you want to see the webpages of the same topic from the website “stanford.edu”. So, you write [artificial intelligence site:stanford.edu]. It will narrow the results and list the pages from that site only.
Similarly, you can write only top-level domain too like [artificial intelligence site:edu]
Filetype operator let’s find files of a particular type. Like if you want a pdf on a particular topic then you can use this operator to quickly gather the information the way you want. Like you enter the query [artificial intelligence filetype:pdf]. It will list the the pdf’s on that topic.
[artificial intelligence filetype:ppt] will list all the powerpoint presentations on it.
Now I want to find say KML file. Now KML file or KMZ file is a file that you can import in google my maps and google earth. Let’s say [IIT bombay filetype:kml] as shown in figure.
It will list KML or KMZ files marked red ellipse. Once you entered the link it will download the file illustrated by green ellipse. You can open this file in Google my maps as shown below.
The Minus Operator
The minus sign is used to eliminate irrelevant results. Let’s play with google using this operator.
You entered the query [best shampoo]. It will list the shampoo available in your country as shown in figure 1. Now, I want a shampoo without parabens and sulphates their ingredients then I will write a query [best shampoo -parabens -sulphates]. So it will list different set of webpages as shown in figure 2.
quotes and OR operator
Use quotes to search for a phrase. Like you want to search a song and you rembered any line of the song. So you will write that line within quotes and it will return you the full song lyrics. Now take a break and enjoy that song.
Like I remember a song line “meetha meetha pyara pyara”. Now I enter the query in same way and it will search in that sequence only. Bravo, I got the song videos and information.
BTW, it was my favourite show.
Moving on tho the OR operator it is used to include more than one way of expressing an idea. This tool is handy when you are looking for synonym terms or phrases and want both of the results merged together.
Let’s try on example to cement this idea. You entered the query [“power search”]. It will show 32,50,000 results. Now search another query [“google search”]. It will show 20,80,00,000 results. When you write both terms using an OR operator it will merge results I mean it will show results that suits either one or both and show results 21,10,00,000 results.
Note: It’s an operator, not a filter. It will actually add more results to your search.
intext: operator is used to ensure the word you want is actually on the page you find.
Let’s say you want to see the academic result from your college website. One way is the hit and trial method. But you are a power searcher now. So what you can do is add something to your query to get more precise results. Here I will use intext operator to list the webpages which have word “results” in it. So, finally I will write the query [site:gndec.ac.in intext:results]. Wow, the first site I got is absolutely correct.
Google provides Advanced Search User Interface utility. Try it out and play with it. The interesting which I liked the most is languages. You can list the webpages of a query in particular language too. Example: You want to find yoga online class in hindi then go to advanced Search in settings and select language hindi as shown below.
At the end I will say,
Visit each of the links below to explore ways to keep yourself updated on Google Search tools:
- Pick a blog to read to keep up-to-date:
- Set up an email alert to notify you when there is a new feature.
- Try out the AGoogleADay game. It’s three trivia questions each day that are decidedly NOT trivial. It will keep your search skills sharp!