Fourth Day- Latex

Typesetting- It’s the arrangement and setting of the type. It’s a designing of formatted text. It’s a concept.

Typography- It’s a technique of arrangement of the type. Basically, it is used to implement typesetting.

File management or documentation is significance part of any project.

There are two types of typesetting software.

  1. Open source software- Examples-> Latex, Scribus, laidout
  2. Commercial Software- Examples-> MS Word, Adobe Indesign, QuarkXPress, istudio publisher.

Why programming is better than GUI?

  1. Automation.
  2. Take less time.
  3. Manipulate the things easily.
  4. Programming give real power whereas GUI has limited scope.

MS Word provides templates to make a good product.

Advantages of Latex

  1. Space optimization.
  2. It do less hyphenation(split words with – character)
  3. TeX combines a number of single/separate characters into a single ligature. Example with fi.

TexLive provides full packages comparable to Miktex.

TexStudio is just IDE. For backend you need Latex distribution like texlive or miktex.


Encoding is the process of converting data into a format required for a number of information processing needs, including:

  • Program compiling and execution
  • Data transmission, storage and compression/decompression
  • Application data processing, such as file conversion
  • In computer technology, encoding is the process of applying a specific code, such as letters, symbols and numbers, to data for conversion into an equivalent cipher.

Vector Images and Raster Images

Vector images are the digital images created through a sequence of commands or mathematical statements that place lines and shapes in a given two-dimensional or three-dimensional space. Image extension like pdf, SVG,  eps etc.

Raster images are the digital images created or capture(scanning) as a set of samples of a given space. Raster image files are usually larger than vector image files. Image extension like png, jpg, jpeg etc.

MS Visio and Dia(open-source) are used to design images.

Since all basic are clear, so come to Latex now.

I will discuss here few basic commands.

In Latex, figures and tables are floats. Latex placed itself according to the optimized algorithm. But still if you want to the that position then add [H] with \beginfigure

\beginfigure[H]  where H means to keep figure here

Here, braces are optional. In place of H we can write T(for top), B(Bottom), P(Page)

\usepackage{subcaption}  //To insert 4 -5 images in the in one fig like a b c

Figure~  //Tilt sign will deoptimize space like I want figure-3.6 together then use tilt sign

\usepackage{hyperref} //it will take the pointer of the section in an index to it’s description and vice versa.



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